Lesson Plans

Pueblo Life Through Spanish Eyes

Curriculum Unit:  Cultures in Conflict  Essential Question:   According to primary and secondary sources, what was the impact of Coronado’s visit to the Rio Grande pueblo of Kuaua? Objectives:  After completing this lesson, the learner will be able to: Compare and contrast major historical eras, events and figures from ancient civilizations to the age of exploration (NM Grade 7 … Continue reading

CSI Kuaua Pueblo

Be a Detective!  What Were the Functions of These Rooms? A Document Based Lesson for Middle School Students Essential Question:   According to primary and secondary sources, what were the functions of these selected pueblo rooms? Objectives:  After completing this lesson, the learner will be able to: Use multiple print and visual sources, primary and secondary, to … Continue reading

Who was Francisco Vásquez de Coronado?

In 1540, a young Spanish nobleman led an self-financed expedition of Spaniards, Indian allies, and slaves north into what would become New Spain, seeking the wealth of the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola and the financial rewards due to Spaniards who increased the lands of the Spanish crown. Your students will investigate web resources to … Continue reading

The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange A Lesson For Elementary – Middle School Students Essential Question:  Was the Columbian Exchange more beneficial for the Europeans or the Native Americans? Objectives:  After completing this lesson, the learner will be able to: Identify the origin of plants and animals in the Columbian Exchange. Complete a dinner menu which reflects New … Continue reading

Poetry at Kuaua Pueblo

Writing and Analyzing Poetry at Coronado Historic Site Your students will write an historic poem about the ancient pueblo village of Kuaua by completing a prewriting exercise, watching a video, completing the tour of the site if you are able to come to visit us, reading a primary source article by a former caretaker of … Continue reading

A Change of Attitude? Comparing the Requerimiento and the New Laws of the Indies, 1542

Unit:  Cultures in Conflict  Essential Question:   Did the New Laws of 1542 indicate a change of attitude by the Spanish king  towards Native Americans? Objectives:  After completing this lesson, the learner will be able to: [under construction] Both of these documents were laws signed by the King of Spain, written thirty years apart and for … Continue reading

Turkeys in Ancient Southwestern Pueblos

Essential Question: What was the importance of the turkey to ancient pueblo people?

Your students will answer this question after doing vocabulary study and going through ten different stations which will include both primary and secondary source information about turkey husbandry in ancient Southwestern pueblos.

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A Mission Church in Jemez Pueblo

How did the mission system, under the supervision of the Franciscans, impact the people of Jemez Pueblo? Your students will examine and analyze primary and secondary sources to answer this important question!
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Life in Ancient Kuaua

What was life like in the ancient pueblo of Kuaua? After a presentation of basic information about pueblo life, in this lesson, your elementary students will have fun acting out the picture above, complete notetaking and writing activities, and reassemble the sherds of an ancient Kuaua Polychrome pot. Continue reading

Resources for Teachers

New Mexico Reading Resources This is a list that we have developed, using the suggestions from New Mexico educators and librarians from area elementary, middle, high schools, and colleges.  It is by no means complete, but it represents a start at an annotated bibliography of resources that are available which reflect the history and culture … Continue reading

Coronado Had Help: The Indios Amigos

History tells us that in 1540, Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and three hundred Europeans conquered thousands of pueblo farmers in the middle Rio Grande Valley. These conquistadors were metal-clad Spanish warriors on horseback. Franciscan monks came with them to bring Christianity into the region. Sometimes stories even mention Mexican Indians who came with the expedition as servants, porters, or slaves. This myth is simply untrue. Continue reading

1540: Three Worlds Collide The Tiguex War in the Rio Grande Valley

In 1540, the Coronado Expedition moved into the middle Rio Grande Valley, now Albuquerque, Rio Rancho, and Bernalillo. They brought with them a sizable group of Mesoamerican warriors. They encounter the Tiwa-speaking Pueblo people of the Rio Grande Valley, and what follows is the first war that takes place between European and Native American forces in the Southwest. Continue reading